The entrance to the Department of History’s office in Sidney Smith Hall

Christo Aivalis

SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow Downtown Toronto (St. George)

Office Location:  Sidney Smith Hall, Room 3051


His dissertation examined Pierre Trudeau’s relationship with organized labour and the CCF-NDP, and will be published by UBC Press in early 2018. He is also writing a biography of Canadian labour leader Aaron Roland (A.R.) Mosher, to be published with Athabasca Press' Working Canadians Series. His work has appeared in the Canadian Historical Review, Labour/le Travail, Our Times Magazine, Ricochet and Canadian Dimension. He has also served as a contributor to the Canadian Press, Toronto Star, CTV and CBC. His SSHRC postdoctoral research project is an intellectual history of the Great Depression, centred on how working-class Canadians understood and sought to rectify the crisis in social, political, economic, and spiritual terms.

Selected Publications:

Refereed Contributions:

Aaron Roland Mosher and the Canadian Labour Movement, 1908-1959 (Edmonton: Athabasca University Press, Working Canadians Series), Manuscript Contracted, in Progress.

“Tommy Douglas, David Lewis, Ed Broadbent, and the Legacy of Democratic Socialism in the Federal New Democratic Party, 1968-1984,” in Stephanie Bangarth, Roberta Lexier, and Jonathan Weier eds., Social Democracy and the Left in Canada: Past, Present, Future (Toronto: Between the Lines). Chapter Submitted

Pierre Trudeau, Organized Labour, and the Canadian Left, 1945-2000 (Vancouver: UBC Press), Passed Peer Review, in Production and Copy-Editing

“In Service of the Lowly Nazarene Carpenter: The English Canadian Labour Press and the Case for Radical Christianity,” Labour/Le Travail 73 (Spring 2014): 97-126.

“In the Name of Liberalism: Pierre Trudeau, Organized Labour, and the Canadian Social Democratic Left, 1949-1959,” The Canadian Historical Review 94 (June 2013): 263-288.

Academic Conference Presentations and Facilitations:

“The Guaranteed Annual Income from a Historical Perspective: Libertarian Wedge, or a Plank to a Socialist Future?” presented at the 2017 Canadian Association for Work and Labour Studies Conference, Toronto, Ontario,  31 May to 2 June 2017.

Panel Chair and Facilitator, “Historicizing Precarity,” 2017 Canadian Association for Work and Labour Studies Conference, Toronto, Ontario, 31 May to 2 June 2017.

“What Would Canadian History Look Like if We Really took a Left Turn?” presented at the 2017 Canadian Historical Association Annual Meeting, Toronto Ontario, 29-31 May 2017.

“The Legacy, Memory, and Future of Socialism in the Federal New Democratic Party,” presented at the 2017 Social Democracy, the Left and the CCF/NDP in Canada: Past, Present, and Future, Calgary, Alberta, 12-14 May 2017

“Lowered Expectations: Pierre Trudeau, Wage and Price Controls, and the Attack on Organized Labour,” Presented at the 2016 Canadian Association for Work and Labour Studies Conference, Calgary, Alberta, 1-2 June 2016.

“Liberalism, Socialism, and the Public Pedagogy of Pierre Trudeau,” Presented at the 2016 Canadian Historical Association Annual Meeting, Calgary, Alberta 30 May to 1 June 2016

“Pierre Trudeau, the ‘New Society,’ and the Right to Strike, 1975-1984,” Presented at the 2015 Canadian Association for Work and Labour Studies Conference, Ottawa, Ontario, 4-5 June 2015.

“Socialism, Liberalism, and Economic Democracy: Pierre Trudeau, the Labour-Left, and Canadian Economic Nationalism, 1968-1984,” Presented at the 2015 Canadian Historical Association Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Ontario 31 May to 3 June 2015.

Panel Chair and Facilitator, “Consumption and Production Anxieties,” presented at the 2015 McGill-Queen’s Graduate Student Conference in History, Kingston, Ontario, 6-7 March 2015.

“Poverty in the Midst of Plenty: Labour Intellectuals and their Responses to the Great Depression, 1926-1939,” Presented at the 2014 Canadian Historical Association Annual Meeting, St. Catharines, Ontario, 25-28 May 2014.

“In the Service of the Lowly Nazarene: The Canadian Labour Press and a Case for Radical Christianity, 1926-1939,” Presented at the 2012 Canadian Society of Church History Annual Meeting, Waterloo, Ontario, 27-29 May 2012.

“Pierre Trudeau, Organized Labour, and the Canadian Social Democratic Left, 1949-1959,” Presented at the 2011 Canadian Historical Association Annual Meeting, Fredericton, New Brunswick, 30 May to 1 June 2011.

“The All-Canadian Congress of Labour and The Canadian Unionist: The Case for a Marxist Nationalism, 1927-1932,” Presented at the 2011 McGill-Queen’s Graduate Conference in History, Kingston, Ontario, 11-12 March 2011.

“Pierre Elliot Trudeau, Cité Libre, and the Canadian Labour-Left, 1950-1965," Presented at the 2010 McGill-Queen’s Graduate Conference in History, Montreal Quebec, 12-13 March 2010.

Review Essays:

Review essay of Robert Wright’s Trudeaumania: The Rise to Power of Pierre Elliott Trudeau and Paul Litt’s Trudeaumania, in The Canadian Historical Review (Forthcoming).

Book Reviews:

Review of Kenneth McNaught, A Prophet in Politics: A Biography of J.S. Woodsworth, in The Canadian Historical Review (Submitted).

Review of Cy Gonick, ed., Canada Since 1960, A People’s History: A Left Perspective of 50 Years of Politics, Economics, and Culture, in Labour/le Travail (Submitted).

Review of Allen Mills, Citizen Trudeau: An Intellectual Biography, 1944-1965, in The Canadian Historical Review 97 (Winter 2016): 583-585

Review of Kenneth C. Dewar, Frank Underhill and the Politics of Ideas, in Labour/le Travail 76 (Fall 2015): 229-231.

Review of Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Approaches to Politics, in The Canadian Historical Review 91 (December 2010): 784-786.

Review of John English, Just Watch Me: The Life of Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Volume Two: 1968-2000, in Labour/Le Travail 65 (Spring 2010): 188-190.

Non-Refereed Publications:

“Sixth NDP Leadership Debate: Debates around CCF-NDP History and Means Testing Generate Conflict,” Canadian Dimension, 15 July 2017.

“NDP Leadership Race: A Labour-Themed Debate Brings Most Substance Yet,” Canadian Dimension, 27 June 2017.

“Fourth NDP Leadership Debate: A New Format Sparks Real Debate and Discussion,” Canadian Dimension, 12 June 2017.

“Pregnancy and Politics: Niki Ashton’s NDP Leadership Run and the History of Political Motherhood in Canada,” Active History, 7 June 2017.

“Third NDP Leadership Debate: Two new Contestants and a bit more Conflict,” Canadian Dimension, 29 May 2017.

“How will Jagmeet Singh Shape the Federal NDP Leadership Race?” Canadian Dimension, 22 May 2017.

“The 2015 Ontario NDP Convention: Lessons Learned, Steps Forward,” Canadian Dimension, 24 April 2017.

“Second NDP Leadership Debate: With Youth Issues as Backdrop, Differences Start to Emerge,” Canadian Dimension, 27 March 2017.

“Bob Kinnear, the Amalgamated Transit Union, and the History of Canadian-American Labour Relations,” Active History, 23 March 2017.

“First NDP Leadership Debate: A good introduction, but not a lot of differentiation,” Canadian Dimension, 13 March 2017.

“Justin Trudeau on Electoral Reform: Deception, Cynicism, and Misrepresentations,” Canadian Dimension, 20 February 2017.

“Justin Trudeau has to Directly Critique and Resist Trump’s Muslim Ban,” Canadian Dimension, 28 January 2017.

“Trump, Trade, and Canada’s Special Relationship with the United States,” Active History, 17 January 2017.

“Looking Forward: Five Predictions for the Canadian Left in 2017,” Canadian Dimension, 6 January 2017.

“Tax Reform for the Canadian Left: Balancing Ideology and Efficiency,” Canadian Dimension, 16 December 2016.

“Young Workers: An ‘Entitled’ Generation without Entitlements,” Canadian Dimension, 19 November 2016.

“Basic Income: Libertarian Wedge or a Plank towards a Socialist Future?” Canadian Dimension, 7 November 2016.

“After Big Election Promises, Trudeau Liberals Sell a Future without Job Security for Young Canadians,” Canadian dimension, 25 October 2016.

“‘The water power of Niagara should be as free as the air:’ The Past, Present, and Future, of Democratic Energy Control in Ontario,” Active History, 20 October 2016.

“Water Isn’t a Human Right in Canada, but it Should be,” Canadian Dimension, 3 October 2016.

“George Alexander Drew,” in The Premiers of Ontario (Ottawa: New Federation House, 2016), 53-6.

“The Blind Alleys of ‘Generation Screwed’: Young Workers won’t find Solace in Attacks on the State,” Canadian Dimension, 23 September 2016.

“Socialism for Today’s NDP, and Today’s Canada,” Canadian Dimension, 31 August 2016.

“Postal Banking and the Future of Canadian Public Services,” Canadian Dimension, 15 August 2016.

“Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton, and Lesser-Evilism: The Liberals who Cried Wolf?” Canadian Dimension, 30 July 2016.

“Intergenerational Solidary? The Postal Labour Dispute and the Historical Context of Young Workers” Active History, 21 July 2016.

“The Looming Canada Post Lockout: Workers Resist Concessions for Next Generation,” Canadian Dimension, 7 July 2016.

“Cheri DiNovo Kicks off the NDP Leadership Contest,” Canadian Dimension, 24 June 2016.

“Cloudy Days: Trudeau and Federal Public Sector Bargaining,” Rank and File, 20 May 2016.

“Justin Trudeau and Canada’s Colonial Baggage: Past and Present,” Active History, 28 April 2016.

“Is the NDP Ready for a Leap to the Left?” Ricochet, 11 April 2016.

“The Leap Manifesto and the NDP,” Canadian Dimension, 7 April 2016.

“What Bernie Sanders can Teach the Canadian Left,” Canadian Dimension, 2 March 2016.

“Tis the Season (for Social and Economic Change): Depression-Era Christian Socialism and an Alternative Meaning for Christmas,” Active History, 17 December 2015.

With Greg Kealey, Jeremy Milloy, and Julia Smith, “Renewing Interest in Labour and Working Class History in Canada,” Canadian Historical Association Bulletin 41 (Winter 2015): 21-23.

“Raising Working Class Expectations,” Our Times Magazine, 16 November 2015.

“Today’s NDP, Socialism, and the Party’s Legacy,” Canadian Dimension, 3 November 2015.

“Trudeaumania Redux: Like Father, Like Son?” Active History, 29 October 2015.

With Greg Kealey, Jeremy Milloy, and Julia Smith, “Back to Work: Revitalizing Labour and Working-Class History in Canada,” Active History, 21 September 2015.

“Lowered Expectations and the Historical Origins of the ‘Great Decoupling,’” Active History, 20 August 2015.

“Labour rights, Socio-Economic Rights, and the Limitations of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms,” Active History, 6 May 2015.

“Pay Us for the Work We Do: Unpaid Internships Promote Inequality,” Our Times Magazine Fall 2014.

“Tripartism: A Dangerous Mix,” Rank and File 29 October 2014.

“Equal Pay for Equal Work: Time to End Two-Tier Wage Contracts,” Our Times Magazine.

“NDP’s New Preamble is Just Warmed-Over Liberalism,” Canadian Social Democracy Study, October 2013.

Principal Author, Public Service Alliance of Canada Ontario Council Newsletters, May 2012-April 2014.

“The Occupy Movement and the Importance to Organized Labour,” PSAC 901 Bite, January 2012.

Presentations and Guest Lectures:

Invited Speaker, “Justin Trudeau, Pierre Trudeau, and the History of Canada Post Employees’ Relationship with the Government” Union of Postal Communications Employees 2017 Triennial Convention, 18 September 2017.

Invited Speaker, “Media Training-Part 1,” Expanding Horizons Professional Development Program, Queen’s University, 17 May 2017.

Keynote Speaker, “The History of Labour in Politics, and its Future with Electoral Reform,” 2016 Kingston and District Labour Council’s Oliver Doyle Banquet, 4 November 2016.

Discussion Facilitator, “The Kids Aren’t Alright,” The Precarious Generation: Millennials Fight Back, Ottawa, Ontario, 26 October 2016.

“Heathy Workplaces for Young Workers: Collective Bargaining” Presented at the 2015 Public Service Alliance of Canada Ontario Young Worker Summit, London, Ontario, 18-9 September 2015.

Panel discussion participant, “The Privatization of Hydro One,” Presented at the Kingston, Ontario Public Library, 16 September 2015.

Facilitator and presenter, Kingston and the Islands New Democratic Party Policy Town Hall Meeting, 9 July 2015.

“Class and Hierarchy in the Canadian Order, 1900-1940,” Guest Lecture for History 873: The State and Civil Society in Twentieth-Century Canada, Department of History, Queen’s University, 7 October 2014.

“The Roles, Responsibilities, and Challenges of Unions for Today’s Young Workers,” Invited Presentation to Kingston Employment and Youth Services, 22-23 September 2014.

“Understanding the TA/TF Collective Agreement: TA and TF Forms,” Teaching Development Day for Graduate-Students and Post-Doctoral Fellows, Queen’s University, 9 September 2010.

Honours/Awards or Grants Received:

Post-Graduate Scholarships and Awards:

2017- 2019: SSHRC Post-Doctoral Fellowship Award (held at the University of Toronto, Department of History. Supervisor: Dr. Sean Mils

2016-17: Nominee—Eugene Forsey Prize in Canadian Labour and Working-Class History—Best Graduate Thesis

2016: Queen’s University Department of History’s most Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Prize

2016: Queen’s University Award for Scholarly Research and Creative Work and Professional Development

2016: Departmental Nominee—John Bullen Prize for Canadian Historical Association’s best Doctoral Dissertation

2015: Nominee—Canadian Committee for Labour History Article Prize.

2015: Nominee—New Voices in Labour Studies—Best Paper Prize.

2015: Nominee—Jean-Marie-Fecteau Prize for Canadian Historical Association’s Best Graduate Student Article.

2013-2015: Queen’s University Graduate Scholarship.

2013-2014: Finalist—Queen’s University History Department Teaching Award.

2010-2013: SSHRC Joseph-Armand Bombardier CGS Doctoral Scholarship.

2010: Queen’s University Tri-Council Award.

2010: Ontario Graduate Scholarship (declined).

2009: SSHRC Master's Scholarship.

2009: Queen’s University Tri-Council Award.


  • BA (Hons.), University of New Brunswick
  • MA, Queen's University
  • PhD, Queen's University