The entrance to the Department of History’s office in Sidney Smith Hall
 

Fall/Winter Courses 2018-2019

The Department offers 100-level, 200-level, 300-level, and 400-level History (HIS) courses.

Please Note:

  • Course descriptions are not final and may be changed at or before the first class.
  • For enrolment instructions, students should consult the 2018-2019 Fall/Winter Preliminary Timetable.
  • Prerequisites will be enforced rigorously. Students who do not have the relevant prerequisite(s) may be removed from the course after classes begin. Specific questions regarding prerequisites for a course can be answered by the course instructor. Where there are two course instructors, an asterisk (*) indicates the Course Coordinator.

Course Timetable

Course numbers are linked to course descriptions. The courses below are listed in numerical order. The descriptions here are fuller than those in the Faculty of Arts & Science Calendar.

These lists show only those courses which will be offered in the 2018-2019 Sessions. For brief descriptions of courses not offered in the current year, refer to the Arts & Science Calendar: History.

Course Nomenclature

  • Y1-Y is a full course, both terms
  • Y1-F is a full course, first term (fall session)
  • Y1-S is a full course, second term (winter session)
  • H1-F is a half course, first term (fall session)
  • H1-S is a half course, second term (winter session)

100-level HIS courses are designed for students entering university. They take a broad sweep of material, and introduce students to the methods and techniques of university study. Each week, students will attend two lectures given by the course professor, and participate in one tutorial led by a teaching assistant. First year courses are not considered to be in an "area" for program requirements.

No student may take more than one 100-level HIS course, but all students enrolled in a history specialist, major, or minor program must take one 100-level HIS course.

The department also offers at least two 199Y seminar courses each year (see listings below). These are limited to twenty students each. Some previous courses offered by the Department of History include Film on History – History on Film, Comparative First-Wave Feminism, African Roots: The African Slave Trade in the Diaspora. You will work more closely with the professor and other students, and gain a more intense training in historical methods. Normally, the 199Y courses cannot be used to fulfill program requirements, but they can be used as breadth requirements. For more information, consult The First Year Seminar Booklet, which will be available during registration.

Course Code & Section Title Day/Time Room
1st Term
Room
2nd Term
Instructor
HIS101Y1-Y, L0101 Histories of Violence Monday 11-12
Wednesday 11-12
TBA TBA M. Meyerson/L. van Isschot
HIS102Y1-Y, L0101 Empires, Encounters and Exchanges Tuesday 3-4
Thursday 3-4
TBA TBA C. Chin
HIS103Y1-Y, L0101 Statecraft & Strategy : An Introduction to the History of International Relations Monday 2-3
Wednesday 2-3

TBA

TBA T. Sayle/V. Dimitriadis
HIS103Y1-Y, L5101 Statecraft & Strategy : An Introduction to the History of International Relations Monday 6-8 TBA TBA V. Dimitriadis
HIS109Y1-Y, L0101 The Development of European Civilization, 1350-1945 Monday 4-6 TBA TBA K. Bartlett
SII199H1-F, L0261 Capitalism, the First 3000 Years Tuesday 5-7 TBA TBA P. Cohen
SII199Y1-Y, L0261 How to Lie with Maps Monday 11-1 TBA TBA J. Retallack
SII199H1-S, L0261 Religion and Violence Wednesday 10-12 TBA TBA D. Bergen

200-level HIS courses are surveys that introduce in broad outlines the history of a particular country, region, continent, or theme. Most are essential background for further upper-level study in the area. Students will generally attend two lectures and participate in one tutorial each week. The 200-level courses are open to first year students as well as those in higher years.

The department regularly offers a number of HIS 299Y Research Opportunity Programs, which are open only to students in their second year. In this course, you work as a Research Assistant to a professor on a particular subject. In past years, students in HIS 299Y courses have done oral history interviews, sought out manuscripts in provincial archives, and gathered primary source documents in the university libraries. Students in their first year should check with the Faculty Registrar in February for the list of ROPs that will be offered in the following academic year.

Course Code & Section Title Division Day/Time Room
1st Term
Room
2nd Term
Instructor
EUR200Y1-Y, L0101 Europe from Nation State to Supranational State, 1789-Present Div. II/III Tuesday 11-12
Thursday 11-12
TBA TBA R. Austin
HIS205H1-S, L5101 Topics in Women's History: TBA Div. TBA Tuesday 5-7 -- TBA TBA
HIS208Y1-Y, L0101 History of the Jewish People Div. I/III Monday 10-11
Wednesday 10-11
TBA TBA O. Yehudai
HIS220Y1-Y, L0101 The Shape of Medieval Society Div. III Tuesday 10-11
Thursday 10-11
TBA TBA S. Ghosh
HIS221H1-F, L0101 African American History to 1865 Div. II Tuesday 4-6 TBA -- C. Johnson
HIS222H1-S, L0101 African American History from 1865 to the Present Div. II Tuesday 4-6 -- TBA C. Johnson
HIS230H1-F, L0101 Indigenous and Early Colonial Caribbean History Div. II Tuesday 10-12 TBA -- M. Newton
HIS231H1-S, L0101 Revolution and Emancipation in the Colonial Caribbean Div. II Tuesday 10-12 -- TBA M. Newton
HIS241H1-F, L0101 Europe in the 19th Century, 1815-1914 Div. III Tuesday 1-2
Thursday 1-2
TBA -- J. Jenkins
HIS242H1-S, L0101 Europe in the 20th Century Div. III Thursday 10-12 -- TBA P. Wróbel
HIS243H1-F, L5101 Early Modern Europe, 1450-1648 Div. III Monday 5-7 TBA -- TBA
HIS244H1-S, L5101 Early Modern Europe, 1648-1815 Div. III Monday 5-7 -- TBA TBA
HIS250Y1-Y, L0101 History of Russia, 860-1991 Div. III Monday 11-12
Wednesday 11-12
TBA TBA TBA
HIS251Y1-Y, L0101 History of East Central Europe Div. III Tuesday 10-12 TBA TBA P. Wróbel
HIS262H1-F, L0101 Canada: A Short History of Here -- Monday 11-12
Wednesday 11-12
TBA -- H. Bohaker
HIS264H1-S, L0101 Critical Issues in Canadian History Div. II Wednesday 1-3 -- TBA S. Penfold
HIS271Y1-Y, L0101 American History Since 1607 Div. II Tuesday 2-4 TBA TBA M. Mishler
HIS280Y1-Y, L0101 History of China Div. I Tuesday 3-4
Thursday 3-4
TBA TBA TBA
HIS282Y1-Y, L0101 History of South Asia Div. I Wednesday 1-2
Thursday 1-2
TBA TBA R. Birla/TBA
HIS291H1-F, L0101 The History of Colonial Latin America Div. II Tuesday 4-6 TBA -- T. Walker
HIS292H1-S, L0101 Latin America: The National Period Div. II Tuesday 10-12 -- TBA L. van Isschot
HIS295Y1-Y, L0101 African History and Historical Methodology Div. I Tuesday 2-4 TBA TBA S. Hawkins

300-level HIS courses are more specialized and intensive. They deal with more closely defined periods or themes. They vary in format, with some being based around lectures, and others involving tutorial or discussion groups. Most 300-level courses have prerequisites, which are strictly enforced. First year students are not permitted to enrol in 300 or 400-level HIS courses. Although some upper level courses do not have specific pre-requisites, courses at the 300 and 400-level are demanding and require a good comprehension of history.

Course Code & Section Title Division Day/Time Room
1st Term
Room
2nd Term
Instructor
HIS300H1-F, L0101 Energy Cultures in North American History Div. II Tuesday 12-2
Thursday 12-2
TBA -- S. Penfold
HIS304H1-S, L0101 Topics in Middle East History: The History of Modern Palestine Div. I Monday 9-11
Wednesday 9-11
-- TBA J. Hanssen
HIS311Y1-Y, L0101 Introduction to Canadian International Relations Div. II Tuesday 2-3
Thursday 2-3
TBA TBA R. Bothwell
HIS314H1-F, L0101 Quebec and French Canada Div. II Tuesday 2-4 TBA -- S. Mills
HIS316H1-S, L5101 Competing Colonialism in Northeast China:  The Harbin Experiment Div. I Tuesday 5-7 -- TBA T. Lahusen
HIS317H1-S, L0101 20th Century Germany Div. III Wednesday 1-3 -- TBA J. Jenkins
HIS318H1-F, L0101 The “Wild” West in Canada Div. II Tuesday 1-4 TBA -- L. Bertram
HIS321H1-F, L0101 Dark Age Europe c. 600-1000 Div. III Wednesday 10-12 TBA -- N. Everett
HIS322H1-F, L0101 The High Middle Ages Div. III Tuesday 2-4 TBA -- I. Cochelin
HIS324H1-F, L0101 British Imperial Experience, 1600-2000 Div. III Tuesday 11-12
Thursday 11-12
TBA -- TBA
HIS325H1-S, L0101 Imperial Russia Div. III Tuesday 1-3 -- TBA A. Smith
HIS328H1-F, L0101 Modern China Since 1800 Div. I Tuesday 3-5 TBA -- Y. Wang
HIS330H1-F, L0101 Germany from Frederick the Great to the First World War Div. III Wednesday 11-1 TBA -- J. Retallack
HIS331H1-F, L5101 Modern Baltic History Div. III Wednesday 12-2 TBA -- A. Kasekamp
HIS335H1-F, L5101 Soviet Cultural History Div. III Monday 5-7 TBA -- T. Lahusen
HIS338H1-F, L0101 The Holocaust: Preconditions, Consolidation of Nazi Power, War,and Occupation (to 1942) Div. III Friday 10-12 TBA -- D. Bergen
HIS339H1-S, L0101 History of Modern Israel Div. I Tuesday 11-1 -- TBA O. Yehudai
HIS342H1-F, L0101 Political and Psychological Liberation in 20th Century Africa Div. I Wedneday 10-12 TBA   S. Hawkins
HIS343H1-S, L0101 History of Modern Espionage Div. III Monday 2-4 -- TBA TBA
HIS344H1-F, L5101 Conflict and Co-Operation in the International System Since 1945 Div. III Wednesday 5-7 TBA -- V. Dimitriadis
HIS347H1-F, L0101 The Country House in England, 1837-1939 Div. III Tuesday 10-11
Thursday 10-11
TBA -- L. Loeb
HIS349H1-S, L0101 The British Search for Identity: 1800 to the Present Div. III Tuesday 11-12
Thursday 11-12
-- TBA L. Loeb
HIS351Y1-Y, L0101 History of Twentieth Century Russia Div. III Monday 3-5 TBA TBA TBA
HIS358H1-S, L0101 Canadian History in 100 Objects Div. II Tuesday 1-4 -- TBA L. Bertram
HIS361H1-S, L0101 The Holocaust, from 1942 Div. III Friday 10-12 -- TBA D. Bergen
HIS364H1-S, L0101 From Revolution to Revolution: Hungary from 1848 to 1989 Div. III Wednesday 10-12 -- TBA R. Austin
HIS373H1-S, L0101 Servants and Masters, 1000-1700 Div. III Thursday 2-4 -- TBA I. Cochelin
HIS375H1-S, L0101 Politics and Protest in Postwar North America Div. II Tuesday 2-4 -- TBA S. Mills
HIS376H1-F, L0101 The United States: Now and Then Div. II Tuesday 10-11
Thursday 10-11
TBA -- R. Pruessen
HIS379H1-F, L0101 Vietnam at War Div. I Tuesday 3-5 TBA -- C. Ewing
HIS385H1-F, L0101 History of Hong Kong Div. I Friday 12-2 TBA -- TBA
HIS388H1-S, L0101 France Since 1848 Div. III Tuesday 10-12 -- TBA TBA
HIS389H1-F, L0101 Topics in History: Women & Sexualities in African History Div. I Monday 2-4 TBA -- N. Musisi
HIS389H1-F, L0201 Topics in History: Climate Change and Colonialism Div. I/II Tuesday 10-12 TBA -- S. Sweeney
HIS389H1-F, L0301 Topics in History: Arab-Israeli Conflict Div. I Tuesday 11-1 TBA -- O. Yehudai
HIS389H1-F, L0401 Topics in History: Environmental Histories and Futures of the Great Lakes Div. II Wednesday 12-2 TBA -- M. Murphy
HIS389H1-F, L0501 (J) Topics in History: Mass Incarceration in the United States Div. II Wednesday 1-3 TBA -- M. Mishler
HIS389H1-F, L0601 Topics in History: The History of the Senses in Colonial America Div. II Tuesday 3-5 TBA -- A. Kettler
HIS389H1-F, L0701 Topics in History: Memory and Politics of Remembrance in Modern Germany Div. III Tuesday 1-3 TBA -- D. Ellerbrock
HIS389H1-F, L0801 Topics in History: Revolutionary Century: Global Revolutions of the Nineteenth Century Div. III Thursday 3-5 TBA -- A. Lanza
HIS389H1-S, L0101 Topics in History: Outer Space: A Human History - Tuesday 12-2
Thursday 12-2
-- TBA S. Penfold
HIS389H1-S, L0201 Topics in History: Fascism Div. III Tuesday 2-4 -- TBA A. Kasekamp
HIS389H1-S, L0301 Topics in History: Latin America and the Artistic Imagination Div. II Tuesday 4-6 -- TBA T. Walker
HIS389H1-S, L0401 Topics in History: Italy Since 1815 Div. III Thursday 3-5 -- TBA A. Lanza
HIS389H1-S, L0501 Topics in History: Media in the Middle Ages Div. III Thursday 10-12 -- TBA N. Vohringer
HIS390H1-F, L0101 Slavery in Latin America Div. II Thursday 2-4 TBA -- T. Walker
HIS393H1-S, L0101 Digital History - Tuesday 2-3
Thursday 2-3
-- TBA TBA
HIS395H1-F Independent Studies - TBA TBA   Staff
HIS395H1-S Independent Studies - TBA TBA   Staff
HIS395H1-Y Independent Studies - TBA TBA   Staff
HIS395Y1-Y Independent Studies - TBA TBA   Staff
HIS397H1-F, L0101 Political Violence and Human Rights in Latin America Div. II Tuesday 10-12 TBA -- L. van Isschot
JHA384H1-F, L0101 Japan in the World, 1600-Mid 20th Century Div. I Tuesday 4-6 TBA -- T. Fujitani
JHN323H1-F, L0101 Indigeneity in the Caribbean Div. II Wednesday 10-12 TBA -- M. Newton
JHP304Y1-Y, L0101 Ukraine: Politics, Economy and Society Div. III Tuesday 10-11
Thursday 10-11
TBA TBA P. Magocsi

400-level HIS courses are two-hour seminars that deal with very specialized subjects and are often closely connected to a professor’s research. Most have specific course pre-requisites and require extensive reading, research, writing, and seminar discussion, and in most you will have the opportunity to do a major research paper. All 400-level HIS courses have enrolment restrictions during the FIRST ROUND (must have completed 14 or more full courses, be enrolled in a HIS Major, Specialist or Joint Specialist program and have the appropriate prerequisite). During the SECOND ROUND of enrolment, access to 400-level seminars is open to all 3rd and 4th year students with the appropriate prerequisite. IMPORTANT: Due to significant enrolment pressure on 4th year seminars, during the first round of enrolment, the Department of History reserves the right to REMOVE STUDENTS who enrol in more than the required number for program completion (Specialists – 2; Majors, Joint Specialists – 1) without consultation.

Students in 400-level seminars MUST ATTEND THE FIRST CLASS, or contact the professor to explain their absence. Failure to do so may result in the Department withdrawing the student from the seminar in order to “free up” space for other interested students. Additional 400-level seminars for the 2018-2019 Fall/Winter Session may be added at a later date. Please check back frequently for current information. To fulfill History program requirements, students may also use 400-level courses offered by other Departments at the U of T that are designated as Related Courses. Following is a list of these 4th year courses.

The Department also offers a few joint undergraduate-graduate seminars. These are indicated in the course description. Undergraduate enrolment in joint seminars is restricted, and the expected level of performance is high.

Course Code & Section Title Division Day/Time Room
1st Term
Room
2nd Term
Instructor
HIS401Y1-Y, L0101 History of the Cold War Div. III Tuesday 10-12 TBA TBA R. Bothwell
HIS404H1-F, L0101 Topics in U.S. History: Choosing War: U.S. Experiences, 1812-2009 Div. II Thursday 12-2 TBA -- R. Pruessen
HIS405Y1-Y, L0101 (J) Canadian Foreign Relations Div. II Wednesday 10-12 TBA TBA R. Bothwell
HIS407H1-S, L0101 (J) Imperial Germany 1871-1918 Div. III Wednesday 11-1 -- TBA J. Retallack
HIS416H1-F, L0101 Orientalism and Nationalism in 19th Century Germany Div. III Monday 3-5 TBA -- J. Jenkins
HIS417Y1-Y, L0101 (J) The Oldest Profession in Canada: Sex Work in Comparative Historical Contexts Div. II Monday 12-3 TBA TBA L. Bertram
HIS418H1-F, L0101 Themes in Canadian Environmental History Div. II Wednesday 1-3 TBA -- S. Penfold
HIS419H1-F, L0101 (J) Canada By Treaty: Alliances, Title Transfers and Land Claims Div. II Wednesday 1-3 TBA -- H. Bohaker
HIS423H1-F, L0101 (J) The Social History of Medicine in the 19th and 20th Centuries Div. III Thursday 4-6 TBA -- E. Shorter
HIS426H1-S, L0101 Medieval Italy, 400-1000 Div. III Wednesday 10-12 -- TBA N. Everett
HIS428H1-F, L0101 (J) The Institutes of Perfection Div. III Thursday 2-4 TBA -- I. Cochelin
HIS435H1-F, L0101 Themes in Toronto History Div. II Wednesday 1-3 TBA -- S. Mills
HIS436H1-S, L0101 Stalinist Terror Div. III Tuesday 3-5 -- TBA L. Viola
HIS444H1-F, L0101 Topics in Jewish History: 20th Century Jewish Migration Div. III Monday 2-4 TBA -- O. Yehudai
HIS446H1-S, L0101 Gender & Slavery in the Atlantic World Div. I/II/III Wednesday 10-12 -- TBA M. Newton
HIS451H1-F, L0101 (J) World War II in East Central Europe Div. III Thursday 10-12 TBA -- P. Wróbel
HIS455Y1-Y, L0101 Hacking History: Digital Projects Capstone Class - Tuesday 10-1 TBA TBA TBA
HIS459H1-F, L5101 Soviet History and Film: 1921-1946 Div. III Tuesday 5-9 TBA -- T. Lahusen
HIS465Y1-Y, L0101 (J) Gender and International Relations Div. III Monday 5-7 TBA TBA C. Chin
HIS466H1-F, L0101 Topics in Canadian History: History of Commemoration in Canada Div. II Tuesday 2-4 TBA -- C. Morgan
HIS466H1-F, L0201 Topics in Canadian History: The History of Education in Canada Div. II Thursday 2-4 TBA -- R. Sandwell
HIS466H1-S, L0101 Topics in Canadian History: Upper Canada Creating a Settler Society Div. II Tuesday 2-4 -- TBA C. Morgan
HIS470H1-F, L0101 History, Rights and Difference in South Asia Div. I Tuesday 1-3 TBA -- R. Birla
HIS473H1-S, L0101 (J) The United States and Asia since 1945 Div. II Tuesday 3-5 -- TBA C. Ewing
HIS475H1-F, L0101 Senior Thesis Seminar - Monday 10-12 TBA -- Staff
HIS475H1-S, L0101 Senior Thesis Seminar - Monday 10-12 -- TBA Staff
HIS476Y1-Y, L0101 Senior Thesis Seminar - Monday 10-12 TBA TBA Staff
HIS477H1-F, L0101 Topics in the Social and Cultural History of Victorian Britain Div. III Tuesday 4-6 TBA -- L. Loeb
HIS481H1-F, L0101 Elite Women, Power, and Modernity in Twentieth-Century Africa Div. I Wednesday 1-3 TBA -- N. Musisi
HIS485H1-F, L5101 Topics in Chinese History: Sexuality in Chinese History from Daoist Devotees to Dr. Sex Div. I Tuesday 5-7 TBA -- Y. Wang
HIS489H1-F, L0101 (J) The History of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Illness Div. III Friday 10-12 TBA -- E. Shorter
HIS490H1-F, L0101 Everyday Stalinism Div. III Monday 3-5 TBA -- L. Viola
HIS493H1-S, L0101 The Modern Evolution of the Law of War - Wednesday 10-12 -- TBA M. Marrus
HIS496H1-F, L0101 Topics in History: History of Emotions - Wednesday 1-3 TBA -- D. Ellerbrock
HIS496H1-S, L0101 Topcis in History: Capitalism and Slavery Div. II Tuesday 10-12 -- TBA S. Sweeney
HIS496H1-S, L0201 Topics in History: Historical Agency and Individualism in the Atlantic World Div. I Wednesday 10-12 -- TBA S. Hawkins
HIS496H1-S, L0301 Topics in History: Historical Memory and Human Rights in Latin America Div. II Wednesday 1-3 -- TBA L. van Isschot
HIS496H1-S, L0401 Topics in History: Prison: A Global History Div. I/II/III Wednesday 1-3 -- TBA M. Mishler
HIS496H1-S, L0501 Topics in History: Microhistory, Global History, and Historical Narrative Div. I/II/III Thursday 1-3 -- TBA A. Smith
HIS496H1-S, L0601 Topics in History: Race, Gender and Citizenship in Latin America Div. II Thursday 2-4 -- TBA T. Walker
HIS498H1-F Independent Studies - Monday 10-12 TBA -- Staff
HIS498H1-S Independent Studies - Monday 10-12 -- TBA Staff
HIS499Y1-Y Independent Studies - Monday 10-12 TBA TBA Staff
JHP454Y1-Y, L0101 (J) 20th Century Ukraine Div. III Wednesday 3-5 TBA TBA P. Magocsi

The following History courses carry half or full Pre-Modern (prior to 1815) status, to fulfill program requirements.

Course Number Title Credit
HIS100Y1 History of the Arctic ½
HIS101Y1 Histories of Violence ½
HIS102Y1 Empires, Encounters, and Exchanges: From the Silk Road to the Present ½
HIS103Y1 Statecraft & Strategy ½
HIS106Y1 Natives, Settlers and Slaves: Colonizing the Americas, 1492-1804 1
HIS107Y1 Approaches to East Asian History ½
HIS109Y1 The Development of European Civilization 1350 – 1945 ½
HIS208Y1 History of the Jewish People ½
HIS220Y1 The Shape of Medieval Society 1
HIS230H1 Indigenous and Early Colonial Caribbean History ½
HIS243H1 Early Modern Europe, 1450-1648 ½
HIS244H1 Early Modern Europe, 1648-1815 ½
HIS250Y1 History of Russia ½
HIS251Y1 History of East Central Europe ½
HIS280Y1 History of China ½
HIS282Y1 History of South Asia ½
HIS283Y1 Southeast Asian Crossroads ½
HIS291H1 The History of Colonial Latin America ½
HIS293H1 The Making of the Atlantic World ½
HIS301H1 Imperial Spain ½
HIS303H1 The Mediterranean, 600-1300: Crusade, Colonialism, Diaspora ½
HIS308H1 The Mediterranean, 1300-1700 ½
HIS309H1 The European Reformations ½
HIS319H1 Renaissance France and the Wars of Religion, 1483-1610 ½
HIS320H1 Barbarian Invasions and the Fall of the Roman Empire ½
HIS321H1 Dark Age Europe, 7th-10th Centuries ½
HIS322H1 The High Middle Ages ½
HIS323H1 Rites of Passage and Daily Life in the Middle Ages ½
HIS332H1 Crime and Society in England, 1500-1800 ½
HIS333H1 Catholic Asia in the Early Modern Era, 1500-1800 ½
HIS336H1 Medieval Spain ½
HIS337H1 Culture, Politics and Society in 18th Century Britain ½
HIS353Y1 The History of Poland from the 10th Century ½
HIS355H1 A History of Pre-modern Medicine ½
HIS357Y1 A Social History of Renaissance Europe 1
HIS362H1 The Hansa: The World of Merchants ½
HIS368H1 Early Modern Britain, 1485-1660 ½
HIS373H1 Servants and Masters, 1000-1700 ½
HIS374H1 American Consumerism - The Beginnings ½
HIS403H1 Jews and Christians in Medieval and Renaissance Europe ½
HIS412Y1 Crusades, Conversion and Colonization in the Medieval Baltic 1
HIS414H1 Down and Out in Medieval Europe ½
HIS424H1 Violence in Medieval Society ½
HIS426H1 Medieval Italy, 400-1000 ½
HIS427H1 History and Historiography in the Golden Legend ½
HIS428H1 Medieval Institutes of Perfection ½
HIS432H1 Topics in Medieval History ½
HIS434Y1 Kievan Rus 1
HIS443H1 Society, Culture, and Religion in the Renaissance and Reformation ½
HIS452H1 Science and Society in Britain, 1600-1800 ½
HIS457H1 The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Empire ½
HIS492H1 Empire & Colonization in the French Atlantic World ½